Fast Facts: Flesh-Eating Bacteria

Although no everyday occurrence, over the night information every couple of weeks the phrase “flesh-eating bacteria” appears to flash. Hector Chapa, MD, FACOG, clinical assistant professor of gynecology and obstetrics at Texas A&M College of Medicine, discusses this frightening phrase and what this means for our fun in the sun during these hot months. What exactly are flesh-eating bacteria? In general, the term ‘flesh-eating bacteria’ identifies a tissue-destroying contamination called necrotizing fasciitis. Since 2010, approximately 700 to 1, every year in the United States 200 cases occur.

Furthermore, approximately one in three people who deal it expire from the problem. “With instant diagnosis, fast treatment and fast surgery flesh-eating bacteria does not have to be fatal,” Chapa said. What exactly are the different types of flesh-eating bacteria? Numerous kinds of bacteria can cause flesh-eating bacteria. However, both most common causes are Group A streptococcus and vibrio.

These bacteria can live in lakes, oceans, pools and hot tubs even. Group A streptococcus is a bacterium recognized to cause strep throat also, scarlet fever and rheumatic fever. While dispersing this bacterium through strep neck is relatively common, distributing necrotizing fasciitis is rare. “Vibrio, or vibrio vibrio and vulnificus alginolyticus, is the bacteria from the summer seawater exposures of flesh-eating bacteria that are currently in the news headlines,” Chapa said. Both types of bacteria can cause contamination to get into the machine through breaks in a person’s epidermis. This break in the skin can be something as small as an insect bite or scrape, but also something as large as a surgical incision.

What are the symptoms of flesh-eating bacteria? A flesh-eating bacteria illness can quickly spread. The first signs of an infection are a large existence of red or swollen skin increasingly. The red skin will be painful, and its own appearance will be accompanied by a fever. Symptoms of a far more progressed flesh-eating infection are ulcers, blisters, or black spots under your skin.

  • Small skin pores
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  • Lignin peroxidase, an enzyme that originates from a fungus
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  • Rapid spreading of inflammation and swelling

Another symptom is the existence of pus oozing from the contaminated area. People affected also feel dizzy, fatigued, and nauseous even. “If a combination is noticed by you of these symptoms, whether you have been around in the ocean, or not, then contact your medical provider immediately,” Chapa said. Are certain people more vulnerable to flesh-eating bacteria than others?

Overall, this an infection is rare. However, it can occur that is life intimidating. “People who have impaired immune systems-like people that have cancer tumor, uncontrolled diabetes, or any variety of autoimmune conditions-are much more likely to contract flesh-eating bacteria,” Chapa described. How will you treat flesh-eating bacteria? “Antibiotics and surgery will be the first type of defense if someone contracted necrotizing fasciitis,” Chapa said.

In serious cases, you may need a blood transfusion and multiple surgeries to get rid of necrotizing fasciitis successfully. How do you avoid contracting flesh-eating bacteria? When you have an open up wound, health care providers shall recommend you avoid moving in the water. “However, if you carry out go ahead water, it is very important to completely rinse off and wash yourself with soap,” Chapa said.

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